By Desmond King
This ebook investigates examples of social coverage in Britain and the us that clash with liberal democratic beliefs. It examines using eugenic arguments within the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties, using paintings camps within the Nineteen Thirties, and the creation of work-for-welfare courses because the Nineteen Eighties. the writer argues that executive lodging of intolerant regulations are a paradox of a liberal democratic framework.
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Extra resources for In the name of liberalism: illiberal social policy in the USA and Britain
Page vii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS During the 1997–8 academic year I was fortunate to hold a Nuffield Foundation Social Science Research Fellowship, which provided release from my normal responsibilities and enabled me to complete this manuscript. I am extremely grateful to the Trustees of the Foundation for their support. I should also like to thank the British Academy for the valuable support provided by its Research Leave Scheme. My archival research in the USA was facilitated in significant part with assistance from Oxford University’s Mellon Fund and I should like to thank the Fund’s Trustees and its chairman, Byron Shafer, for responding generously to requests for travel grants.
Both are located in the substantial literature on liberal democracy. Chapter 2 explicates the book’s argument about the role of knowledge or expertise (terms used interchangeably) in social policy, and explains how the study relates to existing theoretical concerns in comparative politics. The subsequent chapters illustrate the theoretical points introduced in Chapters 1 and 2 through a series of empirical case studies. The cases address the questions of why and how knowledge operates in policy-making; how the illiberal dangers of some defensible and rational policy options are avoided; and how policy-makers validate knowledge in the context of competing arguments about the apposite course of action.
22 Heclo (1974: 44). 23 Mill (1972: 117, emphasis added). In his valuable discussion of American liberalism, the historian Gary Gerstle (1994: 1046) singles out three values, those of emancipation, rationality, and progress, as the core of this perspective, and concludes that ‘liberalism’s evolution can be understood as a series of efforts to reinterpret these principles in light of unexpected historical developments’. ’26 This Millite assumption of a thinking and planning individual implies an important boundary between citizens possessing the requisite reasoning powers to be full members and those depleted in this respect.
In the name of liberalism: illiberal social policy in the USA and Britain by Desmond King