By Gloxhuber Ch., Klunstler K. (eds.)
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While anionic surfactants are active only against Gram-positive bacteria, cationic surfactants are active against both types of bacteria. The activity of anionic surfactants increases with decreasing pH value while the opposite behavior is observed in the case of cationic surfactants, which indicates that the first step in the interaction consists of an ionic adsorption to the bacterial cell wall. The consequent membrane damage leads to cytolysis, autolysis, and the eventual inactivation of metabolic processes (157).
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Anionic Surfactants by Gloxhuber Ch., Klunstler K. (eds.)