By Friedrich Rapp (auth.)
Friedrich Rapp, during this magisterial and important essay on know-how, the complicated human phenomenon that calls for philosophy of technological know-how, philosophy of tradition, ethical perception, and old sensi tivity for its figuring out, writes modestly of the grave and ten tative state of affairs within the philosophy of expertise. regardless of the professional came upon thinkers who've committed time and mind's eye and ratio nal penetration, regardless of the large literature now to be had, the numerous and comparative viewpoints of political, analytic, regardless of metaphysical, cultural, even esthetic commitments, certainly regardless of the sincere becoming a member of of historic and systematic equipment of inves tigation, we're faraway from a passable figuring out of the thrill and sorrows, the achievements and disappointments, of the tech nological saga of human societies. Professor Rapp has ready this record at the philosophical figuring out of expertise for a bothered international; if ever philosophy have been wanted, it truly is within the prac tical try and locate choices between applied sciences, to foresee hazards and possibilities, to decide on with a feeling of the possibil ity of gratifying humane values. Emerson mentioned the student now not as a consultant aside, yet as 'Man considering' and Rapp's essay so speaks to we all, business international or 3rd global, engineers or humanists, drained or lively, worried or optimistic.
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Extra info for Analytical Philosophy of Technology
With this tum, attention appears to shift from practical questions to abstract theoretical problems. Nothing, however, is more practical than a good theory. Thus, methodological analysis supplies not only fundamental - and thereby also philosophical - insights into the structure of technological action. The practical efficiency of modem technology, too, is largely based on a systematic perfecting of procedures and thus, in a broad sense, on methodological analyses. In the artisan tradition action is governed by the rules of experience, which are based in concrete reality.
Human survival, however, requires us now to begin considering the inescapable consequences of our actions. 18 CHAPTER I It is particularly relevant in this regard to distinguish between renewable and non-renewable basic resources, and to consider recycling on as broad a scale as possible. Furthennore, raw materials and energy must be frugally used, and in every case, ecological considerations must be given priority over economic ones (23, 293). 17). On the basis of his Third World experiences (Mexico), he vehemently demands a critical assessment of technological innovations.
The range of potential actions, subject to the aforementioned limitations, is fundamentally incommensurate with the wishes and envisioned goals which technology is expected to fulfill. Wishes and visions are not hampered by such limitations and therefore can practically arbitrarily grow in any direction. Thus a certain selection process always takes place which singles out the projects actually to be realized from among those merely envisioned. Assuming that it is the customer or user who is, in this case, the decisive point of reference, (6) the receptiveness of the market is a further limitation on technological activity.
Analytical Philosophy of Technology by Friedrich Rapp (auth.)