By Jung-yao Lu
The comparative research of old linguistics makes a speciality of reconstructing historic styles in line with diachronic documents and typological information from numerous languages or dialects in a language workforce. the last word goal of the comparative reconstruction which calls for major cross-linguistic commentary and theoretical reasoning is to illustrate the old strategy of language alterations. This e-book considers the diachronic improvement of either the chinese and the Naxi language, focusing relatively upon six contentious linguistic matters which are linked to numerous linguistic adjustments in such a lot components of the grammar of those languages, together with phonological alterations, semantic alterations, syntactic alterations, and contact-induced adjustments. those linguistic concerns are: tonal splits in proto-checked syllables and subgrouping of Loloish; the semantic improvement of go back in chinese language; the semantic improvement of soak up chinese language; the advance of agentive passive markers in definite dialects of chinese language; definiteness and nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in chinese language; and the improvement of nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in Naxi. This quantity offers new equipment and views by which those concerns may be analyzed and resolved at the foundation of typological and diachronic facts. It makes use of cross-linguistic info from chinese language and the Tibeto-Burman languages as a way to reconstruct quite a few diachronic advancements in chinese language and Naxi.
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Additional info for An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese and Naxi
Tonal splits in Yi (Lolo) *checked syllables Before investigating the pattern of tonal splits in *L checked syllables, it would be more desirable to observe the behavior of tonal splits in the largest group of the Loloish—Yi (also known as “Lolo” ( ᖍ 䈝 )). Historically, “Lolo” is a derogatory name used by the Chinese to refer to various mountain groups in Sichuan and Yunnan. Several Yi languages that have been reported and classified as Loloish by Bradley (1979), Chen (1993 and 1997), and Matisoff (1972) will be selected and discussed in this section.
Ge and Jiang (1990:67, 73) point out that the percentage of words which are cognates between Naxi and Mosuo is over sixty percent when excluding loanwords. Clearly, Naxi and Mosuo should be put in the same language branch within *LB. Now let us return to the arguments about Naxi posed by Bradley (1975:99). Bradley claims that the pre-nasalized stops, such as /mb-/, /nd-/, or /Ŭ-/, in Naxi may be due to language contact. It is necessary to make clear that the majority of the Naxi dialects do not involve pre-nasalized stops in their consonant systems.
5. Genetic distribution based on patterns of tonal splits Matisoff’s findings and analyses seem invincible if the patterns of tonal splits in the *checked syllables can really be used as a judgment by which to subgroup languages. However, there are several factors showing that his methodology is misleading. First, Matisoff’s method cannot be applied across all languages. For instance, the Chinese languages cannot be subgrouped based on the patterns of tonal splits in *checked syllables. It is very obvious that the dialects of Mandarin are divided into two groups.
An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese and Naxi by Jung-yao Lu