By Thomas A. Britten
In the course of international conflict I, approximately 10,000 local american citizens both enlisted or have been drafted into the yank Expeditionary strength. 3 comparable questions are tested extensive for the 1st time during this ebook: What have been the battlefield studies of local american citizens? How did racial and cultural stereotypes approximately Indians impact their tasks? Did their wartime contributions bring about adjustments in federal Indian coverage or their common of living?Many American Indians distinct themselves battling at the Western entrance. And in comparison to black and Mexican American infantrymen, Indians loved close to common admire whilst in uniform. To rejoice their patriotism in the course of and after the warfare, Indians might even practice quite a few conventional ceremonies another way proscribed. either in wrestle and of their aid roles at the homefront, together with volunteer contributions by means of Indian ladies, local american citizens was hoping their efforts may bring about a extra full of life program of democracy. however the Bureau of Indian Affairs endured to chop wellbeing and fitness and education schemes and to suppress Indian cultures. "This is a prime booklet and an important contribution to twentieth-century Indian history."--Professor Donald L. Parman
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Additional info for American Indians in World War I: at home and at war
In April he led them on what must have been an extremely delicateand potentially volatilemission to police the Wounded Knee battlefield. Pershing was greatly impressed with the men under his care and when the assignment ended five months later, he commented favorably on the enlistment of Native Americans as regular soldiers. 34 Among the incentives to enlist was thirteen dollars a month for the first year of military service, a clothing allowance, comfortable quarters, three meals a day, medical care, and permission to recreate at the post canteen.
In the weeks that followed, Wood and Roosevelt organized the First Volunteer Cavalry Regiment and sent recruiters to all four territoriesArizona, New Mexico, Indian, and Oklahomato round up volunteers. 53 During the first two weeks of May 1898, the First Volunteer Cavalry rendezvouzed at camp wood in San Antonio, Texas, where it participated in brief but vigorous training exercises. After the training had ended in Texas, the regiment went by railroad to Tampa Bay, Florida. From there, it departed to the coast of Cuba.
31 In keeping with the precedent set by the army's segregation of the four black regiments, however, Indian soldiers were not integrated into white unitsan irony considering that assimilation was a primary purpose of the experiment. The task of overseeing the implementation of General Order Number Twenty-eight fell to Captain Jesse Lee, a career army officer and Indian ex- Page 19 pert. He expressed concern that the Bureau of Indian Affairs would oppose and possibly try to undermine the enlistment of Native Americans for fear that the military, if successful in its efforts to ameliorate Euro-Indian relations, would demonstrate the overall ineffectiveness of civilian control over Indian administration; however, Lee accepted the task with the conviction and enthusiasm of a crusader.
American Indians in World War I: at home and at war by Thomas A. Britten