By et al Ronald Thoen
Alternate is an important driving force for sustained fiscal development, and progress is important for poverty relief. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the place three-fourths of the terrible dwell in rural parts, spurring progress and producing source of revenue and employment possibilities is necessary for poverty aid thoughts. Seventy percentage of the inhabitants lives in rural parts, the place livelihoods are mostly depending on the construction and export of uncooked agricultural commodities reminiscent of espresso, cocoa, and cotton, whose costs in genuine phrases were gradually declining during the last a long time. The deterioration within the phrases of exchange resulted for Africa in a gentle contraction of its percentage in worldwide exchange during the last 50 years. Diversification of agriculture into higher-value, non-traditional exports is obvious this present day as a concern for many of those international locations. a few African countries—in specific, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, C?te d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Zimbabwe—have controlled to diversify their agricultural quarter into non-traditional, high-value-added items reminiscent of lower plants and vegetation, clean and processed vegatables and fruits. to benefit from those reports and higher support different African nations in designing and enforcing powerful agricultural development and diversification recommendations, the realm financial institution has introduced a finished set of experiences lower than the vast topic of “Agricultural alternate Facilitation and Non-Traditional Agricultural Export improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa.” This research presents an in-depth research of the present constitution and dynamics of the ecu import marketplace for plants and clean horticulture items. It goals to aid consumer nations, stakeholders, and improvement companions to get a greater knowing of those markets, and to evaluate the customers and possibilities they provide for Sub-Saharan African exporters.
Read or Download Agricultural Trade Facilitation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Structure and Dynamics of the European Market for Horticultural Products and Opportunities for SSA Exporters (World Bank Working Papers, No. 63) PDF
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Additional info for Agricultural Trade Facilitation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Structure and Dynamics of the European Market for Horticultural Products and Opportunities for SSA Exporters (World Bank Working Papers, No. 63)
Obviously this trend is closely related to developments in environmental and health awareness. Supermarkets tend to tell “the story behind the product” through advertising and in-shop information material. Conclusion. Trends at consumer level have an insigniﬁcant impact on the volume of consumption. Consumer trends generally reﬂect concerns with respect to the means of production and distribution, and skepticism about food from faraway origins. These factors have led to a shift from traditional food retailers to added-value-based, non-traditional retail channels.
3 billion, as a result of the lower prices per volume of ﬂoriculture products and the exchange rate variations between the Dollar and the Euro. A substantial part of ﬂoricultural exports is traded in Euros. Cut Flowers The Netherlands is the world’s largest exporter of cut-ﬂower with exports valued at approximately $2 billion or almost 55 percent of the market. Colombia and Ecuador are second and third exporters in the world. The Netherlands supplies a wide range of ﬂowers. The most valuable varieties are roses (28 percent)—which clearly dominate the world market; carnations (13 percent), tulips (8 percent), lilies (7 percent) and gerbera (5 percent).
The above three characteristics of fruits and vegetables enable supermarket chains to profile themselves to three consumer relevancy profiles: ■ price (high potential margin enables aggressive price policy); ■ product (setting standards for food safety and reliability); ■ convenience (anticipating changing lifestyles and demographics). In the ﬁgure below, these consumer relevancy proﬁles are mapped and illustrated with representative retail chains and countries. Through national and cross-border acquisitions and mergers, mass merchandisers try to: ■ establish further consolidation; ■ copy consumer relevance proﬁles to other countries; ■ develop new intermediate proﬁles (experience proﬁle such as Ahold).
Agricultural Trade Facilitation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Structure and Dynamics of the European Market for Horticultural Products and Opportunities for SSA Exporters (World Bank Working Papers, No. 63) by et al Ronald Thoen