By Valerie J. Karplus
Over the final thirty years, China has built one of many world’s biggest public examine courses in agricultural biotechnology. construction on a protracted culture of agricultural advances, chinese language scientists have utilized biotechnology thoughts to improve 1000's of novel crop kinds suited for neighborhood farming stipulations and demanding situations.
Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects is a finished exam of the way the origins of biotechnology examine agendas, besides the effectiveness of the seed supply method and biosafety oversight, support to give an explanation for present styles of crop improvement and adoption in China. in accordance with firsthand insights from China’s laboratories and farms, Valerie Karplus and Dr. Xing Wang Deng discover the results of China’s funding for the nation’s rural improvement, environmental footprint, in addition to its international clinical and monetary competitiveness.
About the Authors
Valerie J. Karplus graduated from Yale collage in 2002 with a Bachelor of technological know-how measure in Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry and Political technological know-how. She lived in China for 2 years, the place she researched the improvement and effect of agricultural biotechnology in China whereas dependent on the China Agricultural college (2002-2003) and nationwide Institute of organic Sciences, Beijing (2005-2006). at present she is pursuing graduate learn on the Massachusetts Institute of know-how.
Dr. Xing Wang Deng is the Daniel C. Eaton Professor of Plant Biology at Yale college. His clinical paintings makes a speciality of the molecular and genomic foundation for plant improvement and agricultural biotechnology. He additionally serves because the co-director of the nationwide Institute of organic Sciences, Beijing and the founding director of the Peking-Yale Joint study middle of Plant Molecular Genetics and Agro-biotechnology. He leads a learn staff that has released good over 100 peer-reviewed articles in his quarter of research.
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Additional info for Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects
By the early twentieth century, around 17 percent of all agricultural lands were irrigated, but these lands accounted for 40 percent of the world’s food supply (Pimentel, 2004). Today, agriculture places the largest strain on fresh water supplies, consuming approximately 70 percent of total fresh water withdrawn every year (Pimentel, 2004). Though gains vary by crop and region, a significant percentage of Green Revolution yield gains can be attributed to increased water use, but at the price of land degradation and depletion of local water supplies over the long term (Ruttan, 2002).
Through carefully designed crosses and close observation of the results, they began to unravel the patterns of inheritance for important traits of the world’s major staple crops. Scientists were trained to systematically identify and apply these patterns of inheritance to develop new crops on a scale far greater than was typically performed on a single farm. The ability to cultivate and select from a wide variety of divergent species greatly enhanced the range of potentially successful crosses.
Fig. 2 Mural in the entrance hall of the China Agriculture Museum, Beijing, depicting the role of advances in crop genetics and breeding in China’s agricultural development. Photo by authors. ) High-Yielding Varieties 35 High-Yielding Varieties Improved crop varieties developed through breeding programs were the top contributor to the expansion of China’s agricultural output during the later half of the twentieth century (Huang, Hu, & Rozelle, 2002b). Beginning in the early 1950s, China’s agricultural research system benefited from ambitious programs to acquire superior varieties from abroad, including cotton, corn and sorghum varieties (Pray, 2001a).
Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects by Valerie J. Karplus