By Innocenzo Muzzalupo, Sabrina Micali
The reference provides targeted study at the olive (Olea europaea) and the stone fruit. Readers will find out about the biotechnology, plant nutrients, plant breeding, pomology, postharvest body structure, plant pathology of those plant species. In a pragmatic feel, the publication additionally provides acceptable agricultural wisdom approximately those crops for crop development, creation, food, pest administration, ailment, genetic, genomic and the nutrition industry.
The contributions through the authors of this booklet comprise descriptions concerning the manipulation of variables and genetic assets of inheritance of quantitative genes, crop rotation, soil water, and the impact of temperature on crop construction. facets similar to maintaining plants opposed to pests and ailments when making sure the security of human healthiness also are taken into account.
This is a precious reference for college kids, scientists, horticulturists and, usually, for an individual wishing to procure wisdom and event with olives and drupes to extend productiveness.
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Extra resources for Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and Stone Fruits
It is also possible to inoculate entomophagous insects such as Metaphycus bartletti, Metaphycus hevolvolus and Metaphycus swirskii in the olive orchards in order to obtain good results. Chemical control - (available for conventional and integrated farming) – It must be limited and evaluated with caution because this phytophagous insect only in very occasional cases produces economic damage. White oils, more selective and less polluting than other chemical products, can be utilised against neanids during July-August.
Sampling: Control strategies which are strictly linked to the presence of adults in the field and to the damages produced could be called “adulticide control”. The 42 Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and Stone Fruit Toscano et al. aim of these kind of strategies is to reduce the population density of adults, while the control of preimmaginal stages could be called “larvicide control”. In the first case, it is important to sample the adult population by using specific traps with attractants.
Females lay about 600 eggs on leaves either individually or in small groups. Eggs hatch in a few days depending on the climatic conditions. Larvae are polyphagous, on the olive tree they feed on leaves or occasionally on drupes. Larvae pupate within a cocoon made from leaves. Damages: Economic damage is produced within new plantations on small plantlets, because it feeds preferably on the new shoots. It is particularly 50 Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and Stone Fruit Toscano et al.
Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and Stone Fruits by Innocenzo Muzzalupo, Sabrina Micali