By M. A. Mohamed Salih
The authors of this assortment interrogate the political future health of African political events and review the idea and perform of celebration services, ideology and constitution. via clean research utilizing quite a few case reports, they query the democratic credentials of African political events and suggest new tools for attaining inclusive, broad-based illustration. subject matters contain the evolution and institutionalisation of African political events; the original historic, political and social conditions that formed their buildings and functions.Morten Bøås within the governance trajectory, the authors query the connection among African political events and govt; political events and illustration; political events and electoral structures; and political events and parliament. Case stories comprise Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and so on.
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Additional resources for African Political Parties: Evolution, Institutionalisation and Governance (OSSREA)
The National Council, a party organ whose membership included members of the Central Committee, MPs, leaders of district and provincial party organs and representatives from the labour movement, mass organs such as the youth and women organs of the party, and senior civil servants, was supreme over the National Assembly. The National Assembly was expected to make law the decisions of the National Council. Salih 01 chaps 42 23/12/02 17:10 Page 42 AFRICAN POLITICAL PARTIES The fact that the members of the Central Committee, who were in practice considered appointees of the president, took precedence over members of the parliament, most of whom were considered the only popularly elected leaders, was thus another source of criticism against the one-party system and UNIP.
Their chapters reveal that the relationship between the political parties (UNIP, CCM, EPRDF and ZANU-PF, respec- Salih 01 chaps 23/12/02 17:10 Page 29 INTRODUCTION 29 tively) and the state is so intimate that what has been at stake is the viability of the political parties themselves as governance institutions. It also challenges the sustainability and even the existence of such political parties should a rupture (peaceful or revolutionary transition) between party and government occur. In essence, the management of transition to democracy has been squarely fought out in respect to whether the dominant- or oneparty system would be able to control the state resources in order to survive.
In what became known as the ‘national reconciliation’, the two leaders signed an eight-point agreement that readmitted the opposition to political life in return for the dissolution of the NF. The agreement also included the restoration of civil liberties, the freeing of political prisoners, reaffirmation of Sudan’s non-aligned foreign policy, and a promise to reform local government. The SSU also admitted former leaders of the NF to its ranks, including Al Sadig Al Mahdi and Hassan Al Turabi. Al Turabi became the Attorney General under whose advice Nimeiri introduced Islamic sharia laws in September 1983, while Al Sadig, whose government was ousted by General Nimeiri, became a member of the Central Committee of the SSU.
African Political Parties: Evolution, Institutionalisation and Governance (OSSREA) by M. A. Mohamed Salih