New PDF release: A Unified Theory of Collective Action and Social Change

By Luis Medina

ISBN-10: 0472069950

ISBN-13: 9780472069958

The proposal that teams shape and act in ways in which reply to aim, exterior bills and advantages has lengthy been the most important to accounting for social swap techniques pushed through collective motion. but this comparable thought turns out to crumble once we try and clarify how collectivities emerge out of the alternatives of people. This publication overcomes that issue via providing an research of collective motion that, whereas rooted in person selection making, additionally brings out the way target expenditures and advantages can bog down or foster social coordination. The ensuing process permits us to handle the factors and effects of collective motion with assistance from the instruments of contemporary monetary concept. to demonstrate this, the ebook applies the instruments it develops to the examine of particular collective motion difficulties similar to clientelism, targeting its connections with fiscal improvement and political redistribution; and salary bargaining, displaying its financial determinants and its relevance for the political economic system of the welfare state.

 

"Medina's examine is a smart breakthrough within the analytics of collective motion. He indicates the inadequacies of at the moment usual versions and indicates that easy revisions reconcile rational-choice and structural viewpoints. it is going to effect all destiny work."
—Kenneth Arrow, Stanford University

 

"Olson, Schelling, and now Medina. A Unified Theory deepens our figuring out of collective motion and contributes to the rules of our box. an immense work."
—Robert H. Bates, Harvard University

 

"Medina thinks that the most challenge of social motion isn't really even if to cooperate yet the way to do it. To this finish he has produced an creative method of interpreting strategic coordination difficulties that produces believable predictions in various circumstances."
—John Ferejohn, Stanford University

 

Luis Fernando Medina is affiliate Professor within the division of Politics on the college of Virginia.

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Extra resources for A Unified Theory of Collective Action and Social Change (Analytical Perspectives on Politics)

Sample text

According to the theory, when the member of an organization decides to cooperate, he increases the probability of attaining the collective good in a magnitude Pr(Succ|Ci , γ) − Pr(Succ|Di , γ) = F (γ + 1/N ) − F (γ). From the leadership’s point of view, then, B(F (γ + 1/N ) − F (γ)) represents the benefit resulting from offering a selective incentive to an individual. This same selective incentive has a cost to the leadership which, for argument’s sake, we may fix at si . A rational leadership will only provide selective incentives to individual i if, from its standpoint, the benefits exceed the costs: si ≤ B(F (γ + 1/N ) − F (γ)).

The optimal choice depends on the choices of the remaining players. 2, which represents the 2 × 2 version of the assurance game: nant ones (those that are never worse than others). Such distinction is irrelevant in this context but is the source of important debates in game theory. 2: Assurance Game This game does not display strategic dominance. For any player, choosing D is better than choosing C if the other player also chooses D, but not otherwise. Despite their seeming similarities, these two games could hardly be any more different.

1 Definitions Strategies, Payoffs and Outcomes A threshold game (Γ) is a triple N, (Ai ), (ui ) with the following elements: • N is the set of players. • Ai is the set of pure strategies of each player. ” For every player, the parameter αi ∈ [0, 1] describes the set of mixed strategies, ∆(Ai ): mixed strategy αi means that ∗ Technical section. A Formalization of Model 0 27 Player i chooses a lottery that assigns probability αi to strategy Ci and 1 − αi to strategy Di . ” • A set of two possible probabilistic states: Ω = {0, 1}.

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A Unified Theory of Collective Action and Social Change (Analytical Perspectives on Politics) by Luis Medina


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